National Museum Of Iraq
The Iraq museum was established in the year 1923 AD when it occupied a small space in Al-Qushla building (Al-Sarai Al-Qadeem). After several years, a large quantity of antiquities was collected as a result of excavations throughout Iraq and expanding the museum became essential. Accordingly, it was moved to a special building on Al-Maamoon street and called the Iraq museum. However, this museum also became filled to capacity and a decision was made to design a new building in a accordance with international museum standards for all Iraqi antiquities. This new museum was to be in the Al-Salhiya district.
This Iraq museum continues to occupy this building today. The inauguration of this building took place on the ninth of Novermber, 1966 AD. The area of the museum is 45,000 square meters, and the total area of the different buildings is 11,500 square meters, including the gardens and open areas that surround the main structure. The Iraq museum became the central site for presenting the artifacts of the ancient civilizations of Iraq to the specialists and researchers of our day, and to the general public, showing the accomplishments of the ancient peoples and demonstrating the precedents of later civilizations and culture. In the installation, the chronology of civilization was taken into special consideration. In revealing the life of the ancient Mesopotamian population, it involved the most precious original material indications of a civilization that began, matured, and prospered in a part of the world which is known for the achievements of it’s people for over the past one hundred thousand years.
What these Iraqis had achieved in the arts, sciences, industry and innovation would be the foundation for what was to become mature civilizations across the globe in the eras that followed. This is why the Iraq museum ranks sixth among the museums of the world for it’s special place and collection that can be described as an open academic book. The museum exhibits the development of Iraqi civilization in a consecutive, uninterrupted manner that reflects the development of an ancient oriental civilization in it’s entirety. This chronology focused on the development of one civilization, that was to be consequently globally influential, may be the factor that most distinguishes the Iraq museum from the other great museums of the world.